Copyright matters - research support


What you can copy from the books, journals, websites, and other works: fair dealing for research


Copying from a book

1 chapter or 10% of the pages (whichever is greater)

  • if the book is out of print or otherwise unavailable you may be able to copy more than that - please contact the University copyright coordinator for more information about this. 
  • if the book's author died more than 70 years ago, copyright has ceased to apply so you can copy as much as you want.
  • if the book has been published with a Creative Commons licence you will be able to copy the whole of it
  • if you have received permission from the copyright owner you can copy whatever they agree to

Copying from an anthology

Any work of fewer than 15 pages from an anthology of separate works (e.g. a selection of essays, a collection of poems, etc.).

Copying from a journal or other periodical

Any number of articles from an issue of a journal if you need them all for the same research or course of study.

Copying from a website

The Copyright Act allows you to download 10% of the number of words in a published work in electronic form; however, many websites give either an implicit or explicit licence to download their materials:

  • an implicit licence might be a printer icon or pdf symbol inviting you to make a copy of content from the website
  • an explicit licence would probably be set out in the website's terms and conditions or copyright information: look on the homepage for links to 'Terms of Use' or 'Copyright' where you may find that you can download content for (at least) your personal, noncommercial use.

see also: Fair dealing for research & study and criticism & review.